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Herbarium

A herbarium specimen is consists of dried plant parts with labelled information on Scientific name and collection data. It has immense use in plant identification, systematics studies and ecological studies.  The Botanical Survey of India has more than 30,00,000 herbarium specimens persevered in different herbaria located in the different parts of the country.

In addition to general collections many type specimens are deposited in the various herbaria of Botanical Survey of India, viz. Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh (ARUN), Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong, Meghalaya (ASSAM), Central Regional Centre, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh (BSA), Northern Regional Centre, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (BSD), Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre, Gangtok, Sikkim (BSHC), Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra (BSI), Deccan Regional Centre, Hyderabad,  Telangana (BSID), Industrial Section, Indian Museum, Kolkata, West Bengal  (BSIS), Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur, Rajasthan (BSJO), Central National Herbarium, Howrah, West Bengal (CAL), Southern Regional Centre, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (MH) and Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (PBL).

MAJOR HERBARIA IN INDIA

1. The Central National Herbarium (CAL) located at Howrah, established in 1795 and comprises about 2,000,000 (2 million) specimens. This is the first herbarium in the country and one of the most important Asian Herbaria.

2. Forest Research Institute, Dehra Dun contains 350,000 specimens (DD)

3. The National Botanic Gardens, Lucknow contains 260,000 specimens (LWG)

4. Blatter Herbarium, St. Xavier‟s college, Fort Bombay contains 200,000 specimens. (BLAT)

5. Botanical Survey of India has herbaria attached to their regional centres and units in different parts of India.

Name of the Regional Centre/Units Location Date of Initiation Acronym No. of Specimens

Central National Herbarium

Howrah

1795

CAL

20,00,000

Southern Regional Centre

Coimbatore

1955

MH

2,80,000

Eastern Regional Centre  Shillong 1956 ASSAM 2,60,000
Western Regional Centre Pune 1955 BSI 1,75,000
Northern Regional Centre Dehradun 1956 BSD 1,10,000
Central Regional Centre Allahabad 1962 BSA 65,000
Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre Port Blair 1972 PBL 25,000
Arid Zone Regional Centre Jodhpur 1972 BSJO 25,000
Sikkim Himalaya Regional Centre Gangtok 1979 BSHC 35,000
Industrial Section India Museum Kolkata 1887 BSIS 20,000
Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre Itanagar 1977 ARUN 15,000
Deccan Regional Centre Hyderabad 2005 BSID 10,000

 

DATABASE OF TYPE SPECIMENS HOUSED IN THE VARIOUS HERBARIA OF  

BOTANICAL SURVEY OF INDIA  

 

A nomenclatural type is the element to which the name of a taxon is permanently attached, whether as the correct name or as a synonym. Types are of great importance in plant taxonomy to ascertain the scientific names of plants. Nearly 30,000 type specimens of the Indian plants are deposited in the Herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, United Kingdom (K). Some other herbaria where many types are deposited pertaining to names of the Indian plants are The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom (BM), Herbier National de Paris, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France (P) and Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Genève, Switzerland (G).  

Many type specimens are deposited in the various herbaria of Botanical Survey of India, viz. Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh (ARUN), Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong, Meghalaya (ASSAM), Central Regional Centre, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh (BSA), Northern Regional Centre, Dehradun, Uttarakhand (BSD), Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre, Gangtok, Sikkim (BSHC), Western Regional Centre, Pune, Maharashtra (BSI), Deccan Regional Centre, Hyderabad,  Telangana (BSID), Industrial Section, Indian Museum, Kolkata, West Bengal  (BSIS), Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur, Rajasthan (BSJO), Central National Herbarium, Howrah, West Bengal (CAL), Southern Regional Centre, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (MH) and Andaman and Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (PBL).   

About 21,000 type specimens at CAL, Howrah followed by 1016 at MH, Coimbatore; 244 at BSI, Pune; 175 at ASSAM, Shillong; 163 at BSD, Dehra Dun; 136 PBL, Andaman and Nicobar Islands; 32 at BSIS, Kolkata; 31 at ARUN, Itanagar; 17 BSHC, Gangtok; 20 at BSJO, Jodhpur; 15 at BSID, Hyderabad and 49 at BSA, Allahabad. They may be Holotype, Isotypes(s), Syntype(s), Isosyntype, Lectotype, Isolectotype, Neotype, Isoneotype, Epitype or Isoepitype.  

View Document Andaman & Nicobar Regional Centre, Port Blair (PBL)  

View Document Arid Zone Regional Centre, Jodhpur (BSJO)  

View Document Arunachal Pradesh Regional Centre, Itanagar (ARUN)  

Central National Herbarium, Howrah (CAL) 

     View Document Monocot Type specimens 

     View Document Dicot Type specimens  

View Document Central Regional Centre, Allahabad (BSA)  

View Document Deccan Regional Centre, Hyderabad (BSID)  

View Document Eastern Regional Centre, Shillong (ASSAM)  

View Document Industrial Section, Indian Museum, Kolkata (BSIS)  

View Document Northern Regional Centre, Dehra Dun (BSD)  

View Document Sikkim Himalayan Regional Centre, Gangtok (BSHC)  

View Document Southern Regional Centre, Coimbatore (MH)  

View Document Western Regional Centre, Pune (BSI) 

We provide digital images of herbarium specimens through calbsi@bsi.gov.in

Click here to download copyright declaration form for the herbarium images.